1:42 PM 11/8/2017 – The facts on mass shootings in the United States – PolitiFact | No Matter How You Measure Them, Mass Shooting Deaths Are Up – FiveThirtyEight

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The facts on mass shootings in the United States – PolitiFact 

No Matter How You Measure Them, Mass Shooting Deaths Are Up – FiveThirtyEight

7:43 PM 11/7/2017 Mass Shootings Dont Have to Be Inevitable, just like the New York Times does not have to pontificate all the time. M.N.
4:28 PM 11/7/2017 The Root Causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S., in my opinion M.N. | NYT Shows How Not to Analyze Mass-Shooting Data National Review
3:39 PM 11/7/2017 Interpretation update: Sutherland Springs Only Happens to Be in Texas, and it produces a lot of Joan Sutherlands
The facts on mass shootings in the United States – PolitiFact


PolitiFact
The facts on mass shootings in the United States
PolitiFact
Researchers at the nonpartisan Congressional Research Service defined “mass shooting” as “a multiple homicide incident in which four or more victims are murdered with firearms, within one event, and in one or more locations in close proximity” in a 
No Matter How You Measure Them, Mass Shooting Deaths Are UpFiveThirtyEight
The men behind the US’s deadliest mass shootings have something in common and it’s not mental illnessBusiness Insider
Texas: Is domestic violence a common theme in mass shootings?BBC News
CBS News –RollingStone.com –HuffPost
all 7,140 news articles »
The facts on mass shootings in the United States – PolitiFact
7:43 PM 11/7/2017 Mass Shootings Dont Have to Be Inevitable, just like the New York Times does not have to pontificate all the time. M.N.
4:28 PM 11/7/2017 The Root Causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S., in my opinion M.N. | NYT Shows How Not to Analyze Mass-Shooting Data National Review
3:39 PM 11/7/2017 Interpretation update: Sutherland Springs Only Happens to Be in Texas, and it produces a lot of Joan Sutherlands
Britain will lose Nato clout if defence cuts continue, warns top US general – Telegraph.co.uk
by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg following the the meeting of the North Atlantic Council at the level of … – NATO HQ (press release)
NATO to Boost Command Structure, Cyber Policy With Eye on Russia – Bloomberg
france24english’s YouTube Videos: Video: Trump’s Divided States of America, one year on
New York City Marathon features massive security effort after deadly truck attack – Fox News
Why Trump Should Not End ‘Green Card Lottery’ After the Manhattan Attack – Newsweek
Trump’s YouTube Videos: Trump Travels to Asia as Russia Probe Escalates: A Closer Look
Voice of America: Kremlin: Putin, Trump Likely to Meet in Vietnam
The Early Edition: November 8, 2017
Trump’s ‘trial balloons’ test our commitment to freedom – CNN
Sorrow and Rage Influence American Politics – TeenVogue.com
Trump’s CIA director keeps doing controversial and suspiciously pro-Trump things – MyAJC
The CIA Director Met With a DNC Hack Conspiracy Theorist Because Trump Told Him To – Newsweek
Us vs them: the sinister techniques of ‘Othering’ and how to avoid them – The Guardian
Fact-checking Donald Trump on Guns in South Korea – Vanity Fair
Britain’s top cop warns the Met could lose ANOTHER 3000 officers as she says police are facing ‘unprecedented … – Daily Mail
FBI seeking to access Texas shooter’s phone – Daily Mail
Another incomplete ‘autopsy of explanation’ following latest mass shooting – Chicago Tribune
Pole Tomasz Piatek wins Reporters Without Borders award – Deutsche Welle
Pole wins Reporters Without Borders award – Deutsche Welle
Trump Pulled Out Of The TPP. Now He’s Trying To Win TPP Provisions In Asia.

 

Saved Stories – None
The facts on mass shootings in the United States – PolitiFact
 


PolitiFact
The facts on mass shootings in the United States
PolitiFact
Researchers at the nonpartisan Congressional Research Service defined “mass shooting” as “a multiple homicide incident in which four or more victims are murdered with firearms, within one event, and in one or more locations in close proximity” in a 
No Matter How You Measure Them, Mass Shooting Deaths Are UpFiveThirtyEight
The men behind the US’s deadliest mass shootings have something in common and it’s not mental illnessBusiness Insider
Texas: Is domestic violence a common theme in mass shootings?BBC News
CBS News –RollingStone.com –HuffPost
all 7,140 news articles »
7:43 PM 11/7/2017 Mass Shootings Dont Have to Be Inevitable, just like the New York Times does not have to pontificate all the time. M.N.

“Mass Shootings Dont Have to Be Inevitable”, just like the New York Times does not have to pontificate all the time. – M.N.  Mass Shootings Dont Have to Be Inevitable Tuesday November 7th, 2017 at 7:38 PM 1 Share Sound familiar? It does to American citizens who must regularly study these bloody rituals and be left by political … Continue reading“7:43 PM 11/7/2017 – “Mass Shootings Dont Have to Be Inevitable”, just like the New York Times does not have to pontificate all the time. – M.N. “
4:28 PM 11/7/2017 The Root Causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S., in my opinion M.N. | NYT Shows How Not to Analyze Mass-Shooting Data National Review

4:28 PM 11/7/2017 The Root Causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S.: In my opinion: If you admit as the hypothetical explanatory option the  hostile special intelligence operation nature of the mass killings, and it is impossible not to consider this scenario as an, if not the (in majority of cases) explanation, then all the sociological and … Continue reading“4:28 PM 11/7/2017 The Root Causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S., in my opinion – M.N. | NYT Shows How Not to Analyze Mass-Shooting Data – National Review”

Download audio: https://av.voanews.com/clips/VEN/2017/11/06/20171106-070000-VEN119-program_hq.mp3

Download audio: https://av.voanews.com/clips/VEN/2017/11/06/20171106-190000-VEN119-program_hq.mp3

3:39 PM 11/7/2017 Interpretation update: Sutherland Springs Only Happens to Be in Texas, and it produces a lot of Joan Sutherlands

Joan Sutherland Casta diva from Norma 2:13 PM 11/7/2017 Interpretation update: Sutherland Springs Only Happens to Be in Texas, and it produces a lot of Joan Sutherlands, such as Papa-whom?November 7, 2017  2:13 PM 11/7/2017 Interpretation update:  Sutherland Springs Only Happens to Be in Texas, and it produces a lot of Joan Sutherlands, such … Continue reading“3:39 PM 11/7/2017 – Interpretation update: Sutherland Springs Only Happens to Be in Texas, and it produces a lot of Joan Sutherlands…”
Britain will lose Nato clout if defence cuts continue, warns top US general – Telegraph.co.uk
 


Telegraph.co.uk
Britain will lose Nato clout if defence cuts continue, warns top US general
Telegraph.co.uk
Britain risks losing its place at Nato’s top table if it continues military cuts, a senior US general has warned. Lt Gen Ben Hodges, commander of the US Army in Europe, said the UK would be unable to keep up its international commitments if forces were 
DEFENCE DAILY: Williamson Makes NATO Debut, US Warns Against UK Defence Cuts, New Charity Launched To …Forces Networkall 8 news articles »

by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg following the the meeting of the North Atlantic Council at the level of … – NATO HQ (press release)
 

by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg following the the meeting of the North Atlantic Council at the level of …
NATO HQ (press release)
We have just had a very good meeting with the Defence Ministers of the NATO Allied countries. We took further decisions to continue NATO’s adaptation to the challenges we face. A key component of our adaptation is a robust and agile command structure. 

NATO to Boost Command Structure, Cyber Policy With Eye on Russia – Bloomberg
 


Bloomberg
NATO to Boost Command Structure, Cyber Policy With Eye on Russia
Bloomberg
The policy revamp highlights two fronts beyond terrorism on which western defense planners are active: the re-emergence of conventional military threats and the risk of hybrid warfare including cyber attacks. In both cases, Russia is on NATO’s radar
Stoltenberg Says NATO To Revamp Command Structure Amid Tensions With RussiaRadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
NATO tells Europe to prepare for Russian invasion: Defence chiefs say roads, bridges and rail links must be improved …Daily Mail
NATO to revamp command structure to counter Russia threatChannel NewsAsia
Center for Research on Globalization –RT
all 90 news articles »
france24english’s YouTube Videos: Video: Trump’s Divided States of America, one year on
 

From: france24english
Duration: 12:51

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One year ago, Donald Trump won a surprise victory in the US presidential election, sending shockwaves around the world. Since then, the line has been drawn further in the sand with more and Americans pushed to extremes of either loving President Trump or loathing him. In this special edition of Inside The Amercias, we take a closer look at Trump’s Divided States of America.
Twelve months after his election as president of the United States, the billionaire real estate mogul Donald Trump continues to cause controversy, through his tweets, his relations with the media and his divisive policies.
With Donald Trump as US president, many minority groups have gone from being protected under the Obama administration to feeling persecuted. Our reporters Philip Crowther and Sonia Dridi have been to the north-eastern city of Baltimore, where some live in very real fear of what Trumps years in power could bring.
On France24.com: Civil rights in the Trump era: Has the White House abandoned American values?
Also, Genie Godula speaks to Kyle Pope, editor and publisher of independent non-profit publication, the Columbia Journalism Review. He explains why 2017 has been “The Year That Changed Journalism” following Trump’s election.
Meanwhile, in California, Trump voters are finding it increasingly difficult to live in a state that is a Democratic stronghold. They say they have been ostracized, to the point where some of them have actually decided to leave and move to a more conservative state. Our correspondents Valérie Defert, Romain Jany and Haydé FitzPatrick report from Los Angeles.
Finally, we discover a pop-up store with a difference, where two female activists are calling for resistance to Trump through art.
http://www.france24.com/en/taxonomy/emission/18023

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 france24english’s YouTube Videos

New York City Marathon features massive security effort after deadly truck attack – Fox News
 


Fox News
Why Trump Should Not End ‘Green Card Lottery’ After the Manhattan Attack – Newsweek
 


Newsweek
Why Trump Should Not End ‘Green Card Lottery’ After the Manhattan Attack
Newsweek
… little chance of a gain in safety. 11_07_Manhattan_Truck Emergency personnel respond after a man driving a rental truckstruck and killed eight people on a jogging and bike path in lower Manhattan on October 31 in New York City. Kena Betancur/Getty …
Author: Manhattan truck jihadist part of a stealth invasionWND.com
Diversity-Visa Lottery Is a Jackpot for Immigrants from Terror StatesNational Reviewall 64 news articles »

Trump’s YouTube Videos: Trump Travels to Asia as Russia Probe Escalates: A Closer Look
 

From: Trump
Duration: 11:39

Seth takes a closer look at how Trump cant seem to escape the escalating Russia investigation, even when he is abroad in Asia.
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Late Night with Seth Meyers on YouTube features A-list celebrity guests, memorable comedy, and topical monologue jokes.

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Trump Travels to Asia as Russia Probe Escalates: A Closer Look- Late Night with Seth Meyers
https://youtu.be/uCazyPcsv8s

Late Night with Seth Meyers
http://www.youtube.com/user/latenightseth

 Trump’s YouTube Videos

Voice of America: Kremlin: Putin, Trump Likely to Meet in Vietnam

United States President Donald Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin will likely meet later this week on the sidelines of an economic summit in Vietnam, The Kremlin said Wednesday. Yuri Ushakov, a Putin foreign affairs advisor, said there are things to discuss and we are ready for it. He said the two leaders will meet between sessions at the annual Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum that begins Friday in Danang, Vietnam. He also said Trump and Putin may hold a more extensive one-on-one meeting at some point, but no specific date has been set. Earlier this week, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told the Russian news agency RIA if the two leaders do meet there is a great probability they would discuss the situation in North Korea. Peskov, though, said there is currently no cooperation between the U.S. and Russia on North Korea. Trump is currently in China, where he is making his first visit as U.S. president. Just prior to arriving in Beijing Wednesday, Trump gave a speech in front of South Korea’s National Assembly, in which he called on North Korean leader Kim Jong Un to give up all his nuclear weapons for a chance to step on to a better path. Trump warned the North, Do not underestimate us and do not try us. We will defend our common security, our shared prosperity and our sacred liberty.

 Voice of America

The Early Edition: November 8, 2017
 

Before the start of business, Just Security provides a curated summary of up-to-the-minute developments at home and abroad. Heres todays news.

TRUMP ASIA TRIP

Do not underestimate us, and do not try us, President Trump said in a speech to the South Korean National Assembly today about the threat posed by North Korea, warning Pyongyang of the consequences of failing to halt its ballistic and nuclear weapons programs, but saying that we will offer a path to a much better future. Michael C. Bender reports at the Wall Street Journal.

The weapons you are acquiring are not making you safer; they are putting your regime in grave danger, Trump also said about the Pyongyang regime, his speech taking a less belligerent line than his previous threats and taunts of the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un but still emphasizing that the U.S. would tackle the rogue regime. Julie Hirschfeld Davis, Mark Landler and Choe Sang-Hun report at the New York Times.

To those nations that choose to ignore this threat or, worse still, to enable it, the weight of this crisis is on your conscience, Trump said yesterday in an implicit warning to China and Russia about their approach to North Korea. Henry C. Jackson reports at POLITICO.

We dont care about what that mad dog may utter because weve already heard enough, North Korean officials said about Trump today, responding to his speech to the South Korean Assembly. Will Ripley and Joshua Berlinger report at CNN.

Russia has never supported a complete embargo on North Korea and U.S. attempts to resolve the crisis on the Korean Peninsula through sanctions is extremely alarming, the Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said today according to the R.I.A. news agency, Ryabkov adding that the crisis would be raised during a meeting between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Trump this week. Reutersreporting.

The Senate Banking Committee yesterday approved new legislation to aid the Treasury Department in enforcing sanctions against Chinese banks that knowingly deal with North Korea, taking the steps following a similar bill that was passed in the House. Ian Talley reports at the Wall Street Journal.

Heavy fog prevented Trump from making a surprise visit to the demilitarized zone (D.M.Z.) between North and South Korea this morning, the South Korean President Moon Jae-in had supported Trump in his decision to go to the D.M.Z. according to a spokesperson for South Koreas presidential Blue House, and Trump had tried his best to make the trip. Michael C. Bender and Jonathan Cheng report at the Wall Street Journal.

The President and White House officials were frustrated by the fact that they could not visit the D.M.Z., Julie Hirschfield Davis provides an insight at the New York Times as a reporter meant to accompany the President on his trip.

Trump will meet with Chinese President Xi Jinping today and seek the help of Beijing to exert further pressure on North Korea, however there is concern that Trump would make trade concessions to China in order to achieve his aims. Mark Landler and Jane Perlez report at the New York Times.

Trump will dine in Chinas Forbidden City tonight, an honor that has not been granted to any U.S. President since the founding of the Peoples Republic of China, demonstrating the efforts Beijing has been going through to impress Trump and use flattery to their advantage. James Griffiths reports at CNN.

Live updates of Trumps Asia trip, his attempts to pressure North Korea, and todays meeting with Xi are provided by James Griffiths and Veronica Rocha at CNN.

Trumps meeting with Xi comes at a time when Xis position has been strengthened and Trump has been undermined by a series of domestic troubles. The meetings will focus on North Korea and trade and investment, which will have broader implications for U.S. interests in Asia and regional dynamics, Michael C. Bender, Jeremy Page and Eva Dou explain at the Wall Street Journal.

Trump is expected to still tweet during his visit to China despite the strict rules over internet use and censorship of online platforms, David Nakamura explains at the Washington Post.

Trumps repeated reference to the Indo-Pacific region during his Asia trip suggest a push toward a new dynamic that attempts to mitigate Chinas influence and promote India as a key counterweight to Beijing. Louis Nelson explains at POLITICO.

North Korean officials have signaled that they would be open to the possibility of discussions and Pyongyangs weapons program has been motivated by fears of regime-change; within this context, the potential for dialogue should be explored through talks about talks without preconditions instead of escalating rhetoric against North Korea. Suzanne DiMaggio and Joel S. Wit write at the New York Times.

President Moons recent actions suggest he is an unreliable friend to the U.S.: he has favored appeasing Kim Jong-un, has caved into pressure from Beijing in relation to the U.S.-made T.H.A.A.D. anti-missile defense system, and has agreed not to join the U.S.s regional missile-defense system, showing that Moons so-called balanced diplomacy is to the detriment of South Korea and U.S. security interests. The Wall Street Journal editorial board writes.

YEMEN

The Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman yesterday blamed Iran for providing Yemens Houthi rebels with a ballistic missile that was fired toward the Saudi capital of Riyadh on Saturday, the U.S. ambassador to the U.N. Nikki Haley also accused Iran of supplying weapons to the Houthis in violation of two U.N. resolutions, calling on the U.N. and international partners to hold the Iranian regime accountable for these violations. Al Jazeera reports.

The White House condemned the missile attack against Saudi Arabia by the Houthi rebels in a statement yesterday, saying that these missile systems were not present in Yemen before the conflict and calling on the U.N. to investigate Irans role in perpetuating the war in Yemen to advance its regional ambitions. Reuters reports.

Saudi-led coalition air strikes killed at least 30 Yemeni civilians yesterday in the Houthi rebel-controlled northern province of Hajjah, according to activists and local media, the claims have not been independently verified. Al Jazeera reports.

The Saudi-led coalitions blockade of Yemens air, sea and land ports is threatening millions of people and should be lifted immediately, the U.N. said yesterday, referring to a reported decision by Saudi Arabia at the weekend and warning that the measures would have an impact on the already dire humanitarian situation in the country. The U.N. News Centre reports.

The Houthi rebels have offered sanctuary to any member of the Al Saud family or any Saudi national that wants to flee oppression and persecution, an anonymous source close to the Houthi leadership said yesterday, referring to Saudi Arabias recent anti-corruption purge. Faisal Edroos reports at Al Jazeera.

SAUDI-IRAN RIVALRY

Why are you interfering with Lebanons internal affairs and governance? the Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said today on his website, criticizing Saudi Arabia for its alleged role in the resignation of Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri on Saturday from the Saudi capital of Riyadh, also pledging that Iran would support stability in Lebanon. Sarah El Deeb reports at the AP.

The E.U. and U.S. have expressed backing for the Lebanese government, taking a different line to Saudi Arabia which said that the Lebanese government now acts as a cover for the Iran-backed Lebanese Shiite Hezbollah group. Tom Perry reports at Reuters.

The decision of the Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri to resign suggests that Saudi Arabia and Iran are in a struggle for influence in Lebanon and engaged in regional power play. Hariri was a key ally of Saudi Arabia and accused Iran and Hezbollah of causing chaos in his resignation speech, while Iran has been supporting Hezbollah, who have gained significant influence within Lebanon. Linah Alsaafin and Farah Najjar explain at Al Jazeera.

The Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has been taking bold steps to confront Irans expansionism, and his actions have consequences across the Middle East, possibly leading to more proxy battles, a struggle for influence over Lebanon and Syria, and changing dynamics as a consequence of the Saudi-led diplomatic isolation of Qatar. Aya Batrawy and Lee Keith explain at the AP.

An explanation of the recent escalation of tensions between Iran and Saudi Arabia is provided by Al Jazeera.

The recent events in Saudi Arabia amount to a slow-motion coup consolidating the power of bin Salman, who has opened a new front against Iran, has a misguided foreign policy, and has the potential to disrupt the internal politics of Lebanon. The Guardian editorial board writes.

Saudi Arabia has been taking an aggressive approach in the region, due to fears that Hezbollah and Iran have been gaining the advantage in light of the dwindling war in Syria and the impending post-Islamic State group era, the approach causing concern among diplomats that the changing dynamics in the region would lead to the Saudis pushing Israel to attack Lebanon as Hezbollah is deemed to hold the real power in the Beirut. Erika Solomon observes at the Financial Times.

The U.S., Saudi Arabia and Israel are united in their desire to halt Irans expansionism, it is possible that Bin Salman, Trumps son-in-law and senior adviser Jared Kushner, and the Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu have been planning to confront Iran in one shape or form. Dov Zakheim writes at Foreign Policy.

Saudi Arabia has been in need of a shake-up, but where will Bin Salmans reforms and autocratic impulses lead to? Thomas L. Friedman provides an analysis at the New York Times, suggesting that a new basis for Saudi society would replace Wahhabism as a source of solidarity with a more secular Saudi nationalism, one that has anti-Iran/Persian Shiite tenor a strategy that is fraught with risk.

Bin Salmans reforms are making him a lot of enemies, including Saudi Arabias old guard, Iran and Hezbollah in Lebanon. Frida Ghitis writes at CNN.

SYRIA

Russia yesterday denounced the report by the U.N. panel investigating chemical weapons attacks in Syria, including the investigation into attack on the Syrian town of Khan Sheikhoun in April which was blamed on Syrian President Bashar al-Assads regime, the Russian deputy ambassador to the U.N. saying that the report submitted by the panel in October was riddled with systemic deficiencies. Rick Gladstone reports at the New York Times.

The dispute over the report raises doubts about the possibility of the U.N. panel investigating the chemical weapons attacks having its mandate renewed, the mandate expires on Nov. 14 and the U.S. and Russia have circulated rival resolutions extending the panels work. Edith M. Lederer reports at the AP.

Turkey today is a colonizer country, its forces on our soil are illegal, just as the American forces are on our soil illegally, a top adviser to Assad said yesterday, adding that Syria would deal with this issue. Reuters reports.

U.S.-led airstrikes continue. U.S. and coalition forces carried out four airstrikes against Islamic State targets in Syria on November 3. Separately, partner forces conducted two strikes against targets in Iraq. [Central Command]

OTHER DEVELOPMENTS

Democratic lawmakers have been demanding that Attorney General Jeff Sessions, Trumps senior adviser and son-in-law Jared Kushner, and Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross appear before committees to clarify their testimonies on connections between the Trump campaign and Russia. Andrew Desiderio reports at The Daily Beast.

The E.U. foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said yesterday that she had received clear indications that U.S. lawmakers plan to ensure the U.S. complies with the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, Arshad Mohammed reporting at Reuters.

A guide to the U.S.S. Cole trial being heard at Guantánamo Bay is provided by the Miami Herald.

The U.S. wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria and Pakistan have cost $5.6tn since they began in 2001, according a study by the Watson Institute of International and Public Affairs, marking a figure three times higher than the Pentagons own estimates. Gordon Lubold reports at the Wall Street Journal.

The Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte intends to ask China about its plans in the disputed South China Sea during meetings in Vietnam, Duterte said today. Manuel Mogato reports at Reuters.

The F.B.I. has been unlock the phone of the gunman who fired on churchgoers in Texas on Sunday, with Special Agent Christopher Coombs telling reporters that their difficulty accessing information highlights the issues surrounding encryption. Morgan Chalfant reports at the Hill.

Russia has warned that a reported plan by Ukraine to cut all diplomatic ties between the two countries would further deteriorate relations to the detriment of interests of Ukrainians and Russians. Reutersreports.

N.A.T.O. is planning a major new restricted to its command structures in light of Russias annexation of the Crimea in 2014, precipitating a shift toward collective defense in Europe. Michael Peel and David Bond report at the Financial Times.

The C.I.A. Director Mike Pompeo has been meeting with a source who has pitched what the intelligence community basically regards as a conspiracy theory, pointing to the possible politicization of Pompeos job with a pro-Trump slant. Aaron Blake writes at the Washington Post.

The U.S. must devise a post-Islamic State strategy for the Middle East that includes a push for regionalism in Syria, long-term U.S. military presence and aid for Iraq, reining in Irans influence in Iraqi Kurdistan, compromise on the war in Yemen, encouragement of political and economic reform in other parts of the region, and investment in Jordan. Suzanne Maloney and Michael OHanlon write at the Wall Street Journal.

Read on Just Security »

Trump’s ‘trial balloons’ test our commitment to freedom – CNN
 


CNN
Trump’s ‘trial balloons’ test our commitment to freedom
CNN
Ruth Ben-Ghiat is a frequent contributor to CNN Opinion and a professor of history and Italian studies at New York University who writes about authoritarianism and propaganda. The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of the author.and more »

Sorrow and Rage Influence American Politics – TeenVogue.com
 


TeenVogue.com
Sorrow and Rage Influence American Politics
TeenVogue.com
It’s difficult to know how many Obama voters may have voted for Trump, but it’s possible the electorate’s demographics shifted due to Trump’s candidacy. His oft-discussed appeal among the white supremacist demographic could have motivated a very … 

Trump’s CIA director keeps doing controversial and suspiciously pro-Trump things – MyAJC
 


MyAJC
Trump’s CIA director keeps doing controversial and suspiciously pro-Trump things
MyAJC
“In July 2015, Russian intelligence gained access to Democratic National Committee (DNC) networks and maintained that access until at least June 2016,” according to the report. “The [Russian foreign intelligence service, or GRU] probably began cyber …
Donald Trump’s CIA Director Mike Pompeo facing questions over impartialityThe Independent
Trump Ordered CIA to Meet Bill Binney to Learn ‘The Facts’ on ‘Russian Hacking’Sputnik International
CIA Director Met Advocate of Disputed DNC Hack Theory at Trump’s RequestThe Intercept
Consortium News –The Nation.
all 24 news articles »
The CIA Director Met With a DNC Hack Conspiracy Theorist Because Trump Told Him To – Newsweek
 


Newsweek
The CIA Director Met With a DNC Hack Conspiracy Theorist Because Trump Told Him To
Newsweek
CIA Director Mike Pompeo held an hour-long meeting with a former intelligence officialwho has denied Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. electionbecause President Donald Trump told him to speak to the ex-official, according to reports. Pompeo metand more »

Us vs them: the sinister techniques of ‘Othering’ and how to avoid them – The Guardian
 


The Guardian
Us vs them: the sinister techniques of ‘Othering’ and how to avoid them
The Guardian
Ethno-nationalism is on the rise from the Rohingya people forced out of Myanmar in what many are calling the world’s latest genocide, to neo-Nazis marching through the streets of Charlottesville, Virginia, in an action President Trump pointedly  

Fact-checking Donald Trump on Guns in South Korea – Vanity Fair
 


Vanity Fair
Fact-checking Donald Trump on Guns in South Korea
Vanity Fair
His press conference in Seoul this morning (our time, as American slept) was an obvious topic for the morning cable news shows, where no shortage of ignorance was exhibited aggressively and bombastically by President Donald Trumpthe three major … 

Britain’s top cop warns the Met could lose ANOTHER 3000 officers as she says police are facing ‘unprecedented … – Daily Mail
 


Evening Standard
Britain’s top cop warns the Met could lose ANOTHER 3000 officers as she says police are facing ‘unprecedented …
Daily Mail
The Met Police Commissioner said a ‘Herculean effort’ by her officers had stemmed the recent rise of violent crime. But she warned that the four terror attacks in London and Manchester this year – and the seven foiled in seven month – have left counter …
More money needed to stop rise in violent crime, says Met commissionerEvening Standardall 7 news articles »

FBI seeking to access Texas shooter’s phone – Daily Mail
 


Daily Mail
FBI seeking to access Texas shooter’s phone
Daily Mail
Federal Bureau of Investigation special agent Christopher Combs said the phone has been sent to FBI headquarters in Quantico, Virginia, and expressed confidence the bureau would eventually get into the device. … We don’t know yet.” Combs pointed out 
How to Respond to Those Who Want to ‘Do Something’ After Texas ShootingDaily Signal
How the Sutherland Springs Shooter Got a Gun Despite a Domestic Violence ConvictionTexas Monthlyall 6,116 news articles »

Another incomplete ‘autopsy of explanation’ following latest mass shooting – Chicago Tribune
 


Chicago Tribune
Another incomplete ‘autopsy of explanation’ following latest mass shooting
Chicago Tribune
A known high-rolling gambler, he had lost significant amounts of money for two years leading up to his attack, police said. Doctors are … It should be noted that Trump made this statement from Japan, where mass killings are relatively rare. Contrastand more »

Pole Tomasz Piatek wins Reporters Without Borders award – Deutsche Welle
 


Deutsche Welle
Pole Tomasz Piatek wins Reporters Without Borders award
Deutsche Welle
The book “Macierewicz and his Secrets” details the minister’s alleged ties to a communist-era secret security agent and to a US lobbyist, whom Piatek alleges has indirect ties to Russian President Vladimir Putin and also to a Russian mafia boss. Since and more »

Pole wins Reporters Without Borders award – Deutsche Welle
 


Deutsche Welle
Pole wins Reporters Without Borders award
Deutsche Welle
The book – “Macierewicz and his Secrets” details the minister’s alleged ties to a communist-era secret security agent and to a US lobbyist, whom Piatek alleges has indirect ties to Russian President Vladimir Putin and also to a Russian mafia boss and more »

Trump Pulled Out Of The TPP. Now He’s Trying To Win TPP Provisions In Asia.

On his Asia trip, Trump is pitching the same trade benefits that were in the Trans-Pacific Partnership he professed to hate. 



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7:08 AM 11/8/2017 – “The country continues to reel from Sunday’s horrific mass shooting…”

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Chicago Tribune
Another incomplete ‘autopsy of explanation’ following latest mass shooting
Chicago Tribune
A known high-rolling gambler, he had lost significant amounts of money for two years leading up to his attack, police said. Doctors are … It should be noted that Trump made this statement from Japan, where mass killings are relatively rare. Contrast 

and more »

Mass Shootings in the U.S. – Google Search

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What Explains US Mass Shootings? International Comparisons …

New York Times7 hours ago
From 1966 to 2012, 31 percent of the gunmen in mass shootings worldwide were American, according to a 2015 study by Adam Lankford, …
Columbine massacre no longer among 10 deadliest mass shootings …
<a href=”http://Chron.com” rel=”nofollow”>Chron.com</a>18 hours ago
Mass Shootings in America Are Spreading Like a Disease
In-DepthThe AtlanticNov 6, 2017

Root causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S. – Google Search

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Story image for Root causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S. from Pacific Standard

The Sad, Lonely Men Behind America’s Mass Shootings

Pacific Standard3 hours ago
The Sad, Lonely Men Behind America’s Mass Shootings … 59 people in Las Vegas in what was the worst mass shooting in modern American history, … Is toxic masculinity really the root cause of our mass shooting epidemic?
In Texas, Two Very American Heroes
National Review15 hours ago
USCCB president decries massive shooting at Texas Baptist church
<a href=”http://CatholicPhilly.com” rel=”nofollow”>CatholicPhilly.com</a>5 hours ago
Trump wrong to blame mass killings on mental illness rather than …
In-DepthSan Francisco Chronicle16 hours ago 
Image result for three monkeys see no evil

Devin Patrick Kelley – Google Search

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The Texas gunman escaped from a mental health facility after …

Business Insider4 hours ago
Devin Patrick Kelley, the gunman who killed 26 people on Sunday at a rural Texas church, escaped from a mental health hospital in 2012, …
What We Know About the Texas Baptist Church Gunman
BlogSlate Magazine (blog)Nov 6, 2017

FBI’s Christopher Combs: Active Shooters on Rise

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The country continues to reel from Sunday’s horrific mass shooting,

in which a gunman killed 26 Texas parishioners and injured dozens more. The brutal attack, in which the shooter is reported to have shot multiple crying babies, has been politicized to hell and back, on both sides of the aisle. Common sense gun control. Ban bump stocks. Good guys with guns stop bad guys with guns. It’s just the price of freedom. The real cause is mental illness. We’ve heard it all.

There is one point that cannot be argued, however. These spree killings are on the rise. The number of “active shooter” incidents have skyrocketed in the past two decades. America in the year 2000 was plagued by just one shooter that deliberately sought out populated areas. 2015? 20 shooters. That’s one horrifying episode every 18 days. 2017 is set to be the deadliest year in our history, with 114 confirmed deaths so far. Las Vegas was just over a month ago.

So, yeah. This is who we are now. Every few weeks someone gets ahold of some guns and kills a bunch of people. That’s just the way of things.

You know who else agrees that active shooting incidents have become part of our national identity? The FBI.

Christopher Combs, the FBI special agent in charge of the investigation, took part in a Texas press conference today and told reporters that the numbers of active shooters are “on the rise.”

Combs also acknowledged that this isn’t going to change anytime soon, and he suggested that every American needs to prepare themselves for the eventuality that they may become involved in one of these massacres.

“I think everybody, no matter where you are, needs to think about this,” he said. “If you’re in a school, if you go to college, if you’re at the movies, we should all be thinking about ‘what are we gonna do if a crisis breaks out right here?’”

The FBI special agent went on to sadly propose that all Americans should learn to protect themselves, to train to become one of those good guys with a gun.

“There are a lot of programs out there. The FBI supports programs. We teach law enforcement. There’s private community programs out there,” he said.

“I think we ought to think very hard about this and make sure that we are prepared.”

Additionally, ATF officials noted at the same press conference that the shooter’s rifle appears to be a semiautomatic but has yet to be test-fired.

Past as prologue, we’ll continue this discussion in approximately three weeks. See you guys then, if you make it.

[Image via screengrab]

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FBI Official: Active Shooter Numbers ‘On the Rise’ and Americans Need to ‘Prepare’ Themselves – Mediaite

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Mediaite
FBI Official: Active Shooter Numbers ‘On the Rise’ and Americans Need to ‘Prepare’ Themselves
Mediaite
The brutal attack, in which the shooter is reported to have shot multiple crying babies, has beenpoliticized to hell and back, on both sides of the aisle. Common sense gun control. Ban bump stocks. Good guys with guns stop bad guys with guns. It’s and more »

The real question behind the Mueller indictments is unprecedented in US history – The Telegraph

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USA TODAY
The real question behind the Mueller indictments is unprecedented in US history
The Telegraph
Trump’s urging of a criminal investigation of Hillary Clinton is meant to divert attention. But the accusations against Clinton, recklessness with regard to the handling of email, are far less serious crimes than what Mueller has charged and is 
49 percent of Americans think Trump likely committed a crime (POLL)ABC News
Poll: Nearly half of Americans think Trump committed a crime related to Russian election meddlingUSA TODAY
Could Trump Face Tax Evasion Charges? Mueller Likely Has Trump Tax ReturnsCPAPracticeAdvisor.com
The Atlantic –Newsweek –The Intercept
all 1,852 news articles »

Trump’s CIA director keeps doing controversial — and suspiciously pro-Trump — things – Washington Post

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Washington Post
Trump’s CIA director keeps doing controversial — and suspiciously pro-Trump — things
Washington Post
The implications here are pretty big: A U.S. president telling his own CIA director to meet with someone pitching what the intelligence community basically regards as a conspiracy theory. Theintelligence community’s report on Russian interference 
CIA Director Met Advocate of Disputed DNC Hack Theory — at Trump’s RequestThe Intercept
Trump sent CIA chief to meet ex-NSA official who claims DNC hack was inside job: reportThe Hill
NSA Critic Bill Binney Says Trump Pushed Meeting With CIA’s PompeoNBCNews.com
Mother Jones –Daily Beast
all 14 news articles »

How the KGB birthed the JFK assassination conspiracy industry – WND.com

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WND.com
How the KGB birthed the JFK assassination conspiracy industry
WND.com
Lt. Gen. Ion Mihai Pacepa is the highest-ranking Soviet bloc intelligence official ever to defect to the West, who currently lives under deep cover in the U.S. as a proud American citizen. In 1988 Gen. Pacepa published “Red … the Kremlin’s “science and more »

Exclusive: Russia Activated Twitter Sleeper Cells for Election Day Blitz – Daily Beast

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Daily Beast
Exclusive: Russia Activated Twitter Sleeper Cells for Election Day Blitz
Daily Beast
In its final, climactic push for Donald Trump, the Kremlin’s troll army enlisted new members: semi-dormant propaganda accounts created as far back as 2009. Kevin Poulsen. 11.07.17 7:30 PM ET. exclusive. Photo Illustration by Sarah Rogers/The Daily Beast.
Remembering the night that changed AmericaBBC News
Year One of Donald Trump Brings Convulsion to WashingtonU.S. News & World Report
What Democrats Have Learned in the Year Since They Lost to Donald TrumpThe New Yorker
New York Daily News –USA TODAY –Newsweek –Breitbart News
all 124 news articles »
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Explosive FBI report on Martin Luther King Jr. among documents in JFK files – WDBJ7

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WDBJ7
Explosive FBI report on Martin Luther King Jr. among documents in JFK files
WDBJ7
WASHINGTON (CBS) — The FBI prepared a secret 20-page analysis of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. containing explosive allegations about King’s political ties and sexual activity, just a month before he was assassinated on April 4, 1968.
Fresh JFK assassination files show FBI keeping close watch on civil rights, anti-war movementsThe Keene Sentinel
JFK files reveal Oswald CIA links ‘unfounded,’ FBI studied Martin Luther King’s sex lifeRTall 120 news articles »

The FBI has confirmed the motive behind the assault on Sen. Rand Paul – TheBlaze.com

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TheBlaze.com
The FBI has confirmed the motive behind the assault on Sen. Rand Paul
TheBlaze.com
According to local Kentucky news station WNKY-TV, the FBI launched an investigation into the attack shortly after it happened. They believe the attack, which occurred Friday afternoon, was politically motivated. The Daily Caller revealed Saturday and more »

Sen. Rand Paul had trouble breathing after assault; FBI involved in probe – Los Angeles Times

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Los Angeles Times
Sen. Rand Paul had trouble breathing after assault; FBI involved in probe
Los Angeles Times
In June, when Sen. Rand Paul was with congressional colleagues near Washington, practicing his baseball swing, he escaped injury when a gunman opened fire. On Friday, when Paul was mowing the lawn of his Bowling Green home, he wasn’t as lucky, …
Politically motivated? FBI investigating attack on Rand PaulHot Airall 119 news articles »

Why some attacks are labeled ‘terrorism’ while others are not – wreg.com

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wreg.com
Why some attacks are labeled ‘terrorism’ while others are not
wreg.com
“There is not a domestic terrorism crime as such,” FBI Director Christopher Wray said in a Senate hearing in September. “We in the FBI refer to domestic terrorism as a category but it’s more of a way in which we allocate which agents, which squad is and more »

Texas gunman’s intent was “maximum lethality,” former FBI profiler says – CBS News

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CBS News
Texas gunman’s intent was “maximum lethality,” former FBI profiler says
CBS News
A new report based on FBI data shows 54 percent of mass shootings relate to domestic or family violence. Mary Ellen O’Toole, former FBI profiler and director of the forensic science program at George Mason University, joins “CBS This Morning” to 
Pentagon has been failing to report domestic violence convictions to FBINew York Daily News
US Military Failed to Send Texas Gunman’s Conviction Record to FBIWall Street Journalall 563 news articles »

The Russia Investigations: DC Braces For More From Mueller; Ripple Effects Widen – NPR

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NPR
The Russia Investigations: DC Braces For More From Mueller; Ripple Effects Widen
NPR
Last week in the Russia investigations: Mueller removes all doubt, the imbroglio apparently costs a man a government job and lots of talk — but no silver bullet — on digital interference. Muellertime. How many more thunderbolts has Zeus in his quiver?
Did Don Jr. Just Sink His Dad’s Russia Defense?Vanity Fair
Is Donald Trump Jr. Next On Robert Mueller Indictment List After New Collusion Claim From Russian Lawyer?The Inquisitrall 399 news articles »
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Exclusive: FBI agents raid headquarters of major US body broker – Reuters

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Reuters
Exclusive: FBI agents raid headquarters of major US body broker
Reuters
The search warrant executed by the Federal Bureau of Investigation at MedCure Inc headquarters here on November 1 is sealed, and the bureau and the company declined to comment on the nature of the FBI investigation. But people familiar with the matter …
Portland cadaver company raided by FBI agentsOregonLive.com
Oregon company that distributes body parts raided by FBIAxiosall 6 news articles »

Informant Earned $7 Million for Role in Benghazi Prosecution

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American officials paid the informant after he helped build a case against Ahmed Abu Khattala, a suspect in the 2012 Benghazi attacks, and orchestrate his capture.

Donald Trump: More Trump Campaign Russia Ties

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In explosive testimony to the House Intelligence Committee, the Trump campaign’s foreign policy advisor Carter Page was forced to admit he did have contact with Russian government officials during two trips to Moscow.

 Donald Trump

How Americans Became Vulnerable to Russian Disinformation – Project Syndicate

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Project Syndicate
How Americans Became Vulnerable to Russian Disinformation
Project Syndicate
Last week, Congress unveiled legislation that would force Facebook, Google, and other social media giants to disclose who buys online advertising, thereby closing a loophole that Russiaexploited during the election. But making amends through technical 
Commentary: Regulate social media platforms before it’s too lateMyStatesman.com
How Social Media Played a Role in the 2016 Presidential ElectionTeenVogue.com
Don’t be so quick to welcome government regulation of social mediaDallas News
New York Times –Business Insider –Baltimore Post-Examiner
all 94 news articles »

Trump, Putin and organized crime – Google News: Putin-linked businessman who Trump claims he can’t recognize showed up at his invite-only election party: report – Raw Story

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Raw Story
Putin-linked businessman who Trump claims he can’t recognize showed up at his invite-only election party: report
Raw Story
In a GQ exclusive, Olbermann noted that Felix Sater, a Russian-American businessman with ties to both organized crime and Russian President Vladimir Putin, attended Trump’s November 8, 2016 party. According to GQ’s reporting, he also gave interviews to …
‘There’s a lot more there’: Mueller ups the stakes in the Trump-Russia inquiryThe Guardian
A Timeline of the Trump-Russia ScandalRollingStone.com
Trump’s shady and inept campaign team was a perfect target for Putin’s spiesVox
The Intercept –NBCNews.com –The National Interest Online
all 1,808 news articles »

 Trump, Putin and organized crime – Google News

trump criminal investigation – Google News: The real question behind the Mueller indictments is unprecedented in US history – The Telegraph

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USA TODAY
The real question behind the Mueller indictments is unprecedented in US history
The Telegraph
Trump’s urging of a criminal investigation of Hillary Clinton is meant to divert attention. But the accusations against Clinton, recklessness with regard to the handling of email, are far less serious crimes than what Mueller has charged and is 
49 percent of Americans think Trump likely committed a crime (POLL)ABC News
Poll: Nearly half of Americans think Trump committed a crime related to Russian election meddlingUSA TODAY
Could Trump Face Tax Evasion Charges? Mueller Likely Has Trump Tax ReturnsCPAPracticeAdvisor.com
The Atlantic –Newsweek –The Intercept
all 1,852 news articles »

 trump criminal investigation – Google News

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Trump digital operations – Google News: Trump’s CIA director keeps doing controversial —and suspiciously pro-Trump — things – Kansas City Star

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Kansas City Star
Trump’s CIA director keeps doing controversial —and suspiciously pro-Trump — things
Kansas City Star
CIA Director Mike Pompeo reportedly met with the purveyor of a disputed theory about the internal Democratic National Committee emails that were released last year — a theory that runs counter to the intelligence community’s own long-standing and more »

 Trump digital operations – Google News

trump anxiety – Google News: Texas Shooter’s History Raises Questions About Mental Health and Mass Murder – NPR

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NPR
Texas Shooter’s History Raises Questions About Mental Health and Mass Murder
NPR
But research shows that people who suffer from mental health issues such as bipolar disorder oranxiety are no more likely than the average person to become violent. And people with mental illness are ten times more likely to be victims of violent and more »

 trump anxiety – Google News

6:28 PM 11/7/2017 – NYT Shows How Not to Analyze Mass-Shooting Data 

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“Some colleagues sent me the New York Times article “What Explains U.S. Mass Shootings? International Comparisons Suggest an Answer” today. My jaw just about hit the floor when I saw the chart that appears at the top of the piece, above everything else except the title and byline…” Read more at: http://www.nationalreview.com/corner/453485/nyt-shows-how-not-analyze-mass-shooting-data – “We shouldn’t care about “gun … Continue reading “6:28 PM 11/7/2017 – NYT Shows How Not to Analyze Mass-Shooting Data”

Download audio: https://av.voanews.com/clips/VEN/2017/11/06/20171106-190000-VEN119-program_hq.mp3

6:37 PM 11/7/2017 – “My jaw just about hit the floor…” – NYT Shows How Not to Analyze Mass-Shooting Data 

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NYT Shows How Not to Analyze Mass-Shooting Data Tuesday November 7th, 2017 at 6:30 PM 1 Share Some colleagues sent me the New York Times article “What Explains U.S. Mass Shootings? International Comparisons Suggest an Answer” today. My jaw just about hit the floor when I saw the chart that appears at the top of the piece, above everything … Continue reading “6:37 PM 11/7/2017 – “My jaw just about hit the floor…” – NYT Shows How Not to Analyze Mass-Shooting Data”

Mass Shootings Don’t Have to Be Inevitable

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Sound familiar? It does to American citizens who must regularly study these bloody rituals and be left by political leaders to passively anticipate the carnage next time.

In the aftermath of the Texas horror, politicians led by President Trump are trying to steer away from the obvious issue of what to do about the gun industry’s wanton sale of military-style rifles and pistols on the domestic market.

Mr. Trump called the rampage a “mental health problem at the highest level” and not “a guns situation.” This is the cynical evasion devised by the National Rifle Association, which warmly endorsed candidate Trump, who now parrots the diversionary talking point that we must first control for mental illness.

In fact, President Trump signed a law in February revoking an Obama-era regulation that made it more difficult for the mentally ill to purchase guns.

Mr. Trump, who spoke favorably as a candidate of vigilante shootouts for self-defense, also suggested that if a civilian had not briefly exchanged shots with the Texas shooter after the massacre, the casualty toll “would have been much worse.” The implication was that the bloodshed in Texas, which also included more than 20 wounded, actually makes the case for more guns — that the disease of gun violence is also its cure.

This is a fantasy, not a rational argument; it doesn’t bear the slightest scrutiny. As our colleague Nicholas Kristof notes, the United States outstrips the world in both gun ownership per capita and gun deaths per capita. States with higher proportions of gun ownership also have rates of death by guns higher than the national average. Incidents in which victims kill attackers in self-defense are vanishingly few compared with gun homicides, and suicide is by far the leading cause of gun deaths.

From expanded background checks to assault weapons bans, proposals put forward by gun-safety proponents, unlike continually increasing private American arsenals, would do something to thwart mass shootings. The Texas killer was not motivated by racial hatred, as was the killer of the Charleston churchgoers, but by family grievance, underlining the lethal combination of domestic abuse and firearms. Abusers’ access to guns increases the risk of intimate partner homicide as much as fivefold, according to a study in the Annals of Internal Medicine. While federal law prohibits those convicted of domestic violence, as Mr. Kelley was, from buying or possessing firearms, the Air Force failed to add him to a federal database, allowing him to pass necessary background checks. The right law was on the books but enforcement was lax.

And yet so many politicians continue to promote the wares of the gun industry. Two years ago, Gov. Greg Abbott of Texas tweeted “I’m embarrassed: Texas #2 in nation for new gun purchases, behind California. Let’s pick up the pace Texans. @NRA.” On Monday he said the problem was out of human hands.

“We have evil that occurs in this world,” Governor Abbott declared, as if from a pulpit, equating all manner of global terrorist attacks, including the murder of eight last week by a truck driver in Manhattan. When asked how the evil of gun violence can be overcome, he replied “you do that by working with God.” Texas’ attorney general, Ken Paxton, even envisioned “arming some of the parishioners or the congregation so that they can respond” if another massacre occurs.

This is the level of pro-gun argument being offered by Republican leaders and some Democrats. It is made in service to the N.R.A. and the gun industry, not the American public.

Continue reading the main story

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New developments in the Sutherland Springs Texas church shooting – mySanAntonio.com

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mySanAntonio.com
New developments in the Sutherland Springs Texas church shooting
mySanAntonio.com
The gunman Devin Patrick Kelley who killed at least 26 people in a church south of San AntonioSunday died from what authorities believe is a self-inflicted gunshot wound after he crashed his car. He had been chased by armed bystanders. Read more: …and more »
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Devin Patrick Kelley – Google Search

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The Texas gunman escaped from a mental health facility after …

Business Insider4 hours ago
Devin Patrick Kelley, the gunman who killed 26 people on Sunday at a rural Texas church, escaped from a mental health hospital in 2012, …
What We Know About the Texas Baptist Church Gunman
BlogSlate Magazine (blog)Nov 6, 2017

Why are US mass shootings getting more deadly?

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Three of the worst five shootings in modern US history have happened in the last 16 months.

It began – more or less – with 13, the number killed in 1949 in Camden, New Jersey, one of the earliest mass shootings in the US. An army veteran, Howard Unruh, killed his neighbours.

Over the next several decades, the numbers went up: 16 in Austin, Texas, on a campus in 1966, and 21 slain at a McDonald’s in San Ysidro, California, in 1984.

The past month or so have been especially brutal, as two attacks unfolded – in Las Vegas (58 dead) and Sutherland Springs, Texas (26). They followed a June 2016 assault in an Orlando nightclub in which 49 people were killed.

The reasons for this disturbing trend are many and complex, and people across the US and around the world have struggled to understand the violence.

Here analysts discuss some of the factors that may lie behind the grim numbers:

Weapons are more powerful – and shoot faster

The shooters have increasingly been using guns with high-capacity magazines, allowing them to fire off dozens of rounds without having to reload.

“There are more people being shot in a shorter amount of time – with more bullets in them,” explained Harvard School of Public Health’s David Hemenway.

Adam Lanza, who killed 26 people at Sandy Hook Elementary in Newtown, Connecticut, in 2012, and James Holmes, who killed 12 in Aurora, Colorado, that year, both used weapons with this feature. The data’s clear: the number of killings in individual attacks goes up when assault rifles are used.

Researchers have also examined the laws: a ban on semiautomatic assault weapons and large-capacity magazines was passed in 1994. It was lifted in 2004.

Experts said lifting the ban helped to usher in a new era of mass shootings. With these weapons, individuals could shoot faster and for longer periods of time – and consequently were able to kill more people in their attacks.

In addition states have their own laws. After the Sandy Hook massacre, a Connecticut law was passed that banned semiautomatic rifles (or assault weapons, as they’re also known).

Other states loosened their gun laws, however. In Georgia, for example, a law was passed that allowed people to carry weapons in school classrooms, nightclubs and other places. Experts at the Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence wrote that people in states with stricter gun controls tended to see less gun violence.


Assailants choose their sites more carefully

Attacks are now carried out in places with a large number of people – such as a Las Vegas concert venue with 22,000 people. “With that type of crowd, the shooter didn’t even have to aim,” said University of Central Florida’s Jay Corzine.

Most of the people who carry out mass shootings plan the attacks carefully, according to Homicide Studies.

“They’re doing their homework,” Corzine explained. Preparing the groundwork, he said, means the shooters kill more.

The gunman who opened fire at a Batman screening in Aurora, Colorado, in 2012 “thought a movie theatre would lead to higher fatalities”, said the University of Alabama’s Adam Lankford.


The shooters are inspired by media accounts

Coverage of mass shootings – like the assaults themselves – have exploded in recent years. Shooters post on social media before the attacks and sometimes while the assaults are underway.

Media organisations create live pages and provide 24/7 coverage of an assault. In addition journalists often focus on the killers, providing details about their lives and unintentionally contributing to a glorification of these individuals.

Yet overall, say experts, the stories did not cause an increase in the number of deaths in the assaults. “I’ve seen media accounts of mass shootings for the past 25 years, and the uptick of high casualties has been pretty recent,” said Corzine. Still the coverage gives people ideas.

“Mass shootings are contagious,” said Gary Slutkin, founder of a Chicago-based organisation, Cure Violence. “People see what other people do, and they follow that.”


The shooters compete with each other

Dylan Klebold, one of the attackers at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado, in 1999, described their goal: “the most deaths in US history…we’re hoping.”

As Lankford explained: “This really is a race for notoriety – to be bigger and better than the attackers who came before you.”

Becoming famous as a mass shooter may seem like a sick glory. Yet it holds an allure for some. “It’s, ‘Well, yeah…,'” Slutkin said, describing how these individuals consider the possibility of fame and spend little time contemplating the likelihood of their own grisly fate: “It isn’t all the way thought through.”

“We all want to be known after we’re dead,” he explained.

“It shows how strong that circuit is.”

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· · · ·

Why are US mass shootings getting more deadly? – BBC News

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BBC News
Why are US mass shootings getting more deadly?
BBC News
Most of the people who carry out mass shootings plan the attacks carefully, according to Homicide Studies. “They’re doing their homework,” Corzine explained. Preparing the groundwork, he said, means the shooters kill more. The gunman who opened fire at …
Another opportunity to do nothing about gun violence in AmericaLos Angeles Times
Many Mass Shooters Have A History Of Domestic ViolenceBuzzFeed News
FROM THE EDITORIAL BOARD: It’s time to stop doing nothing about gunsUtahstatesman
ChristianityToday.com –Department of Justice –EverytownResearch.org
all 76 news articles »

AR-15 style rifles are common among mass shootings – WBIR-TV

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WBIR-TV
AR-15 style rifles are common among mass shootings
WBIR-TV
AR-15 style rifles have become the weapon of choice in recent mass shootings, including the Texas church shooting Sunday, the Orlando nightclub last year and Sandy Hook Elementary School in 2012. The manufacture of rifles more than doubled in the last …and more »

Mass shootings in America: 4 essential reads – WTOP

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Mass shootings in America: 4 essential reads
WTOP
For injury prevention, it is far more effective and long-lasting to change the environment by changing modifiable policies and norms than to try to change the way children behave.” A mass shooting often brings out partisan politics. Those who want to 

Texas authorities: We won’t mention shooter’s name again – Washington Post

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Washington Post
Texas authorities: We won’t mention shooter’s name again
Washington Post
The shooter’s name went unspoken at a news conference on the killings at a church in Sutherland Springs, Texas, and authorities there said they intend to keep refraining from saying it. “We do not want to glorify him and what he has done,” Texas and more »
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Texas authorities: We won’t mention shooter’s name again – Boston Herald

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Boston Herald
Texas authorities: We won’t mention shooter’s name again
Boston Herald
Zeynep Tufekci, a professor at the University of North Carolina who studies the social effects of technology, said evidence shows that future mass shooters were carefully watching coverage of the most recent attacks. She has repeatedly urged — both and more »

What Explains US Mass Shootings? International Comparisons Suggest an Answer – New York Times

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New York Times
What Explains US Mass Shootings? International Comparisons Suggest an Answer
New York Times
If mental health made the difference, then data would show that Americans have more mental health problems than do people in other countries with fewer mass shootings. But the mental health care spending rate in the United States, the number of mental …
Link seen between domestic violence and mass killingsCBS News
Mass Shooting in Texas and False Arguments Against Gun ControlThe New Yorker
Trump wrong to blame mass killings on mental illness rather than guns, experts saySan Francisco Chronicle
Axios –Xinhua –Washington Post
all 483 news articles »

After the Texas church shooting, will the military fix how it reports crime? – PBS NewsHour

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PBS NewsHour
After the Texas church shooting, will the military fix how it reports crime?
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Texas Gov. Greg Abbott had an urgent question Monday about Devin Patrick Kelley, the former U.S. Air Force airman who is accused of killing 26 people worshipping at a church service yesterday: How was it that Kelley, convicted of domestic violence and …and more »

NYT Shows How Not to Analyze Mass-Shooting Data

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Some colleagues sent me the New York Times article “What Explains U.S. Mass Shootings? International Comparisons Suggest an Answer” today. My jaw just about hit the floor when I saw the chart that appears at the top of the piece, above everything else except the title and byline:

Uh, notice a problem there, guys? You can’t compare across countries without adjusting for population. A country with more people, all else equal, will have both more guns and more mass shootings, driving a false correlation between the two.

They get to the adjusted data about halfway through the piece. It’s true that the U.S. and Yemen are the countries with the most guns and the most shooters — and that is something that could, plausibly, suggest that easy access to guns increases mass shootings. But also worth noting is that there’s no pattern visible for the entire rest of the data set. Gun ownership varies from basically nonexistent to above 30 guns per 100 people, yet these variations don’t obviously correspond to variations in mass shootings.

There are a few other issues with the piece worth pointing out, in no particular order:

 Their mass-shooting numbers and much of their analysis — including a claim that gun ownership correlates with mass shootings even after the U.S. is excluded and overall homicide rates are taken into account — come from the researcher Adam Lankford, who has refused to share information about his analysis with media outlets likely to criticize him.

 In one paragraph, they claim that more gun ownership means more “gun murders,” but two of the four sources they link document gun deaths including suicide.

 We shouldn’t care about “gun murders” or “mass shootings”; we should care about murders in general and mass killings in general, regardless of how they’re accomplished. (Up to a point it’s essentially tautological to claim that more guns translates to more problems with guns, because a society with no guns by definition cannot have any problems with them.) As I’ve noted numerous times before, there is no simple, consistent correlation between gun ownership and murder or homicide rates in general, either among developed countries or among U.S. states. More sophisticated studies face a variety of serious methodological obstacles — I don’t find any of them that compelling — and have reached varying conclusions. The research on mass shootings in particular is in an even more primitive state.

 They claim that the U.S. has more lethal crime than other developed countries but not more crime in general, and argue that guns are the difference. Even if we take the initial claim at face value, in blaming guns we encounter the problem that, as Steven Pinker once put it, “If you subtract out all the gun homicides in the United States and you just look at the homicides committed with, say ropes, candlesticks, and daggers, we still kill people at a higher rate.” I went through various reasons for our high rate of lethal violence here.

I wouldn’t purport to know for a fact that gun ownership doesn’t lead to higher homicide or mass-shooting rates, but the effects are far more complicated and subtle than gun controllers want us to believe.

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4:28 PM 11/7/2017 – The Root Causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S., in my opinion – M.N. | NYT Shows How Not to Analyze Mass-Shooting Data – National Review | The Web World Times – News and Opinions Review

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4:28 PM 11/7/2017 – The Root Causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S.: In my opinion:

If you admit as the hypothetical explanatory option the  hostile special intelligence operation nature of the mass killings, and it is impossible not to consider this scenario as an, if not the (in majority of cases) explanation, then all the sociological and the statistical studies become irrelevant, just as the gun ownership explanatory theory, which is indeed false, in my opinion. This latter factor might be contributing but not the root cause, and not the main causal factor in the modern-day U.S. culture. 

Michael Novakhov 

11.7.17 

P.S.: But the good thing is that we started to ask these questions and started to look for the answers. We should not let the conceptual stereotypes to cloud our judgment. One of such stereotypes, regarding “Al Qaeda”, started to crumble before our eyes: “21 Years of War with Al  Qaeda?” “ISIS”, probably is next. 

It looks like the beginning of the end of the historical denial. So much for the powers of the very plausible self-deception: “I do not see it, because I do not want to see it”, just like the good old three monkeys. 

Links: 

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What Explains U.S. Mass Shootings? International Comparisons Suggest an Answer

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Worldwide, Mr. Lankford found, a country’s rate of gun ownership correlated with the odds it would experience a mass shooting. This relationship held even when he excluded the United States, indicating that it could not be explained by some other factor particular to his home country. And it held when he controlled for homicide rates, suggesting that mass shootings were better explained by a society’s access to guns than by its baseline level of violence.

Contributing Op-Ed Writer: Sutherland Springs Only Happens to Be in Texas

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There is nothing particularly Lone Star State-ish about a mass killing these days. Ask New York, or Las Vegas.

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Mass Shootings News Review

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NYT Shows How Not to Analyze Mass-Shooting Data – National Review

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NYT Shows How Not to Analyze Mass-Shooting Data
National Review
Some colleagues sent me the New York Times article “What Explains U.S. Mass Shootings? International Comparisons Suggest an Answer” today. My jaw just about hit the floor when I saw the chart that appears at the top of the piece, above everything else …
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A mass shooter’s name is part of the story; concealing it is silly and self-important – Los Angeles Times

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Los Angeles Times
A mass shooter’s name is part of the story; concealing it is silly and self-important
Los Angeles Times
As anyone who has taken a high school journalism class knows, one of the 5 Ws that reporters should be careful to include in the first paragraph of a news story is “who.” Usually that means providing the name of the newsmaker, whether his actions are …

three monkeys see no evil – Google Search

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The Next Phase in the War on Terror 

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Last week, in the deadliest terrorist attack in New York City since 9/11, Sayfullo Saipov turned a nearly mile-long stretch of bike path along Manhattan’s West Side Highway into a killing ground. The attack reflects a terrorism threat that is morphing from the complex, externally directed attack carried out by a network that we saw on 9/11 to violent individuals, inspired online by ISIS and other radical jihadist groups. We built an architecture to prevent another 9/11, but we have a long way to go when it comes to tackling this latest phase of terrorism.

The good news is that communities have proven resilient when attacked. The bad news is that this week—with calls for “extreme vetting” and denigration of our criminal justice system as a tool against terror—we saw dangerous backsliding instead of a renewed focus on the work needed for the next phase in the war on terror.

How should we respond to this latest terror act on our soil? Rather than demagoguing on immigration, launching divisive political attacks, or disparaging our criminal justice system, we should focus on what works. Effectiveness should be our lodestar. Russia is not the only one who wants to weaken the United States by sowing division in our country—the terrorists want to do so as well. We shouldn’t let them.

When tragedy and terror strike we must deliver swift and certain justice consistent with the rule of law. While it appears cooler heads have prevailed to reverse the President’s initial impulse to send the New York attacker to Guantanamo (an unprecedented and legally dubious move), the fact that we found ourselves having the debate yet again about “war” vs. “law enforcement” in the terror fight prompted disturbing déjà vu. Dedicated professionals across two administrations worked hard to ensure that this country can apply all tools—military, intelligence, law enforcement, diplomacy, financial sanctions—to disrupt threats and hold terrorists accountable. For terrorists caught on U.S. soil, we have relied on a criminal justice system that is the envy of the world not only because it is the hallmark of our rule of law society but also because it gets results.

The record is clear when it comes to generating intelligence, securing convictions and safely holding terrorists. The more than one million federal, state, and local law enforcement officers who work in that system put their lives on the line to keep us safe are anything but a “laughing stock.” To the contrary, they include more than 30,000 FBI agents, intelligence analysts and other professionals who I was proud to call colleagues when I served as Chief of Staff to then FBI-Director Robert S. Mueller. This nation is also served everyday by dedicated federal prosecutors who are no “joke.” That includes those in the Southern District of New York who, true to their tradition of independence, tuned out the political talk and moved swiftly to charge the New York attacker. It was precisely the need for intelligence-driven criminal prosecutions of terrorists and spies that led to the creation of the Justice Department’s National Security Division which I was privileged to lead during the Obama Administration. These elements of our post 9/11 architecture—solidified over both Republican and Democratic Administrations—have brought justice in hundreds of terrorist-related cases since 9/11.

Contrast that approach with the (hopefully short-lived) impulse to send Saipov to Guantanamo on the theory that we’re at war (we are) and he’s an enemy (he is) and enemies don’t get lawyers (not quite). The Supreme Court has determined that Guantanamo Bay, where a detainee has the right to challenge his detention, is not lawyer-free zone. And while a bipartisan effort reformed military commissions in 2009 to maintain a prosecution tool for terrorists caught on a hot battlefield, they have proven anything but swift and certain. In 15 years, the military commissions have delivered just eight convictions or guilty pleas and several of those have been overturned or invalidated. The 9/11 and U.S.S. Cole bombing victims and their families are still waiting for justice today.

Justice would not be served by sending Saipov to Guantanamo. Nor would it serve the goal of generating intelligence and understanding how Saipov came to plow down pedestrians on Halloween afternoon. Saipov reportedly has talked to FBI agents and told them that he consumed ISIS propaganda prior to his attack. Understanding more about how and when he became radicalized is critical to stopping future attacks. But the surest way to keep that from happening would be to interrupt the FBI interrogation and ship Saipov to Guantanamo.

It is dangerous pre-9/11 thinking to suggest that the FBI can’t act in this case—as it has in so many others since 9/11—to obtain intelligence from a terrorist in custody. In fact, the FBI can immediately question terrorists—without giving Miranda warnings—to identify other threats and plots. In 2011 when Congress was considering a mandatory military custody law for terrorist captures here or abroad, the FBI was right to argue that such a mandate would interrupt their intelligence gathering process by turning a terrorist over to the military where he could challenge his military detention with the benefit of a lawyer. Sure enough, in case after case where the FBI has moved quickly to gather intelligence and then bring a prosecution in our courts, terrorists have pled guilty or received lengthy sentences in the highest security Federal prisons. And importantly the FBI has been able to generate intelligence that led to the capture of other terrorists (Just ask Christmas Day bomber Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab). We need this intelligence now more than ever in order to understand how Saipov was radicalized and how someone might have intervened in time to stop him.

It appears that Saipov did not slip through the vetting system, but instead may fall into the more-common category that DHS described in March of this year when it concluded that most foreign born, US-based terrorists are radicalized after they arrive. At the moment, we have a rare opportunity, having taken Saipov into custody alive. As NYPD Deputy Commissioner John Miller said, Saipov followed the ISIS playbook “to a tee” by weaponizing a vehicle and leaving a note to brag about it. This breed of terrorist poses a significant challenge to law enforcement and we should strive to learn as much as we can about Saipov’s path to radicalization.

In response to this challenge, we should reject impulsive responses in favor of what works. Recycling campaign chants of “extreme vetting” and pulling the plug on the Diversity Visa Program which reportedly allowed Saipov entry in 2010 is a distraction; he reportedly was radicalized years after he entered the United States. To be clear, we should support strong and thorough vetting for anyone who wants to enjoy the rights and benefits of this country. Such vetting, regardless of specific program, should be refined based on threat intelligence. This is why following the Paris attacks in 2015, the DHS strengthened the visa waiver program to respond to the threat from foreign fighter returnees who may have traveled to join ISIS in Syria and Iraq but held European passports eligible for visa-free travel to the United States. The future of the Diversity Visa Program might be a reasonable topic for debate, but based on what we know now is in no way related to the tragedy on the Westside Highway.

Rather than creating distractions and issuing blanket travel bans, our vetting process should respond to the actual threats we face. We should be building trust in communities we need to identify future threats, not alienating and marginalizing them. Let’s focus on working with social media companies to stop abuse of their platforms. Let’s work to strengthen relationships with our international security partners.

Sixteen years after 9/11 we face a different type of threat. In response, we should emulate the best we’ve seen from this country. We should model resilience and support, and we should reject politics in favor of pragmatism. We must summon the best in our communities, in our government and politics, and rely on that which makes us different from every other country in the world: the rule of law and our justice system. Anything less allows terrorists to divide us.

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21 Years of War with Al Qaeda? 

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Has the United States been at war with al-Qaeda for 21 years? During the most recent 9/11 military commission hearing at Guantanamo Bay, the prosecution finally articulated its view of when the U.S. and al-Qaeda entered into an armed conflict. According to the prosecution, that putative armed conflict began more than 21 years ago, on August 23, 1996, the day Osama bin Laden, the founder of the terrorist group, published a fatwa calling for attacks on Americans. The government characterized this fatwa as a declaration of war:

We do believe that the ’96 document written by [Osama] bin Laden, who was the head of al-Qaeda at the time he wrote it, is a declaration of war.

The prosecution apparently staked out this astonishing position, at odds with history, law, and the U.S. government’s interests outside of the 9/11 military commission, to satisfy its short-term litigation goal of preserving the military commission’s personal jurisdiction over the 9/11 defendants.

The Military Commission Act grants military commissions personal jurisdiction over “alien unprivileged belligerents.” The Act defines those as individuals who are not U.S. citizens, who are not privileged belligerents, and who either (1) engaged in hostilities against the United States or its coalition partners; (2) purposefully and materially supported hostilities against the United States or its coalition partners; or (3) were a part of al-Qaeda at the time of the alleged offense.  All three categories of individual over whom a military commission may have personal jurisdiction must have some connection to hostilities—which the MCA defines as “any conflict subject to the laws of war.”  (The timing element of the third category implicates hostilities through §950p(c), which limits offenses triable by military commission to those “committed in the context of or associated with hostilities.”)  Hostilities, in turn, are defined as any conflict subject to the laws of war.  Thus, the military commission has personal jurisdiction over the 9/11 defendants only if they were connected to an armed conflict between the U.S. and al-Qaeda prior to September 11, 2001.

Since May 2017, the 9/11 military commission is working its way towards a pre-trial, evidentiary hearing on personal jurisdiction.  It was in the context of a preliminary hearing addressing what if any witnesses should provide testimony as to personal jurisdiction that Judge Pohl pressed the prosecution for a specific date on which the armed conflict with al-Qaeda began.  The government’s response—August 23, 1996—was intended to ensure that the 9/11 military commission could proceed.  Unfortunately, that position carries with it significant ramifications implicating state sovereignty—the oldest rule in international law—and fundamental applications and consequences of the law of armed conflict.

It is axiomatic that only states may bring about the legal state of war or, in modern terms, armed conflict, through an act of speech. Historically, the law of war applied to situations of declared war between states.  When the 1949 Geneva Conventions established the modern framework for armed conflict that rests primarily on objective indicators of conflict rather than political declarations or determinations, the drafters retained the notion of declared war between states—but only for conflicts between states.  Thus, international armed conflicts—armed conflicts between two or more states—may arise upon a declaration of war alone or through the use of armed force between two states.  In contrast, non-international armed conflicts——armed conflicts between states and non-state actors (or among non-state actors)—only exist when non-state actors are sufficiently organized and violence between the parties is sufficiently intense. Whereas Common Article 2, which invokes the full panoply of the Geneva Conventions, applies only to interstate war and may be triggered merely by a declaration of war, Common Article 3 applies alone in the event of “an armed conflict not of an international character.” The drafters of the Geneva Conventions simply made no provision for a  non-international armed conflict to be triggered by means of a declaration of war.

In fact, the drafters of the Geneva Conventions intentionally excluded a declared-war trigger for non-international armed conflict. Common Article 3 reflects a careful balance: recognizing that conflicts between states and non-state actors may rise to a level of violence comparable to that of interstate armed conflict, while also accommodating states’ desire to minimize international legal regulation intruding on their internal affairs. This bargain reflects states’ aversion to conferring the sort of legitimacy or legal status on non-state actors that could challenge states’ sovereignty, including by implicitly recognizing their belligerent or insurgent status.

Thus, the final clause of Common Article 3 includes a disclaimer: “The application of the preceding provisions [Common Article 3] shall not affect the legal status of the Parties to the conflict.” Jean Pictet’s authoritative Commentary on the Geneva Conventions specifically attributes the provision’s origin to a desire to “prevent the [non-state] party from basing a claim for recognition as a regular Government on the respect it had shown for the Convention,” as required in the original Convention draft. His explanation of Common Article 3 attributes much of its evolution from its initial proposal to its final form to states’ concerns about legitimizing criminal entities.

“There was also a risk of common or ordinary criminals being encouraged to give themselves a semblance of organization as a pretext for claiming the benefit of the Conventions, representing their crimes as ‘acts of war’ in order to escape punishment for them. A party of rebels, however small, would be entitled under the Conventions to ask for the assistance and intervention of a Protecting Power. Moreover, it was asked, would not the de jure Government be compelled to release the captured rebels as soon as the troubles were over, since the application of the Convention would place them on the same footing as prisoners of war?”

Pictet concluded that without the disclaimer, Common Article 3 would not have been adopted. “It meets the fear—always the same one—that the application of the Convention, even to a very limited extent . . . may confer belligerent status, and consequently increased authority, upon the adverse party.”

The same concerns over extending legitimacy to non-state actors persists today.  Indeed, the United States has never ratified Additional Protocol I precisely because it had the potential to “give recognition and protection to terrorist groups” by extending the law pertaining to international armed conflicts to certain non-international armed conflicts. In transmitting his decision not to seek ratification of Additional Protocol I, President Ronald Reagan explained to the U.S. Senate that the application of the full panoply of international humanitarian law to armed non-state actors who do not otherwise comply with the law of armed conflict could legitimate the aims and the practices of terrorist organizations.

Nevertheless, solely in order to extend the military commissions’ jurisdiction over the 9/11 defendants, the government has chosen to legitimize bin Laden and al-Qaeda by placing them on the same legal plane as states, stating last week that:

. . . [O]ur position has always been under international law, when you have international armed conflicts, a declaration of war is sufficient alone [to trigger the law of armed conflict].

. . . .

If we were to declare war on another country today, the law of war would apply from the second we declared war. And that’s really what we are talking about. We are talking about when did the hostilities begin so we know when the law of war took over. And clearly our position has always been that we believe it began in 1996 with [Osama] bin Laden’s declaration . . . .

The military commission prosecution evidently believes that, as a matter of law, an individual or a non-state actor may, through its speech alone, unilaterally bring about a legal state of armed conflict. If the military commission were to credit the prosecution’s position, it would preserve the military commission’s jurisdiction and save the prosecution the trouble and difficulty of demonstrating the existence of a non-international armed conflict prior to 9/11. Unfortunately, the consequences of that inexplicable position are not limited to whether the 9/11 military commission may go forward.

According bin Laden’s 1996 fatwa the legal effect of a declaration of war implies that in 1996 al-Qaeda had the characteristics of a state actor. International law normally limits statehood only to those entities that are able to exert effective control over a definite territory and population, engage in international relations, and garner recognition. But none of this was true of al-Qaeda in 1996. Three months before issuing his fatwa, bin Laden and al-Qaeda were evicted from Sudan and dispossessed of their enterprises there. At the time, al-Qaeda boasted as few as several dozen members. And, seven months later, the Taliban—who by then exerted actual effective control over the territory where bin Laden resided—forced bin Laden to relocate to Kandahar from Nangarhar, where he originally established himself in Afghanistan after fleeing Sudan.

The prosecution’s position imbuing al-Qaeda with state-like powers undermine U.S. interests outside of this military commission in at least five ways.  First, it undermines the lawfulness and legitimacy of the U.S. war of self-defense against Afghanistan in the aftermath of 9/11.  If al-Qaeda were a state or something akin to a state in 1996, then by implication Afghanistan and the Taliban did not so much host al-Qaeda as surround it, as if it were an enclaved state. Under the prosecution’s view, therefore, the Taliban could not be responsible for surrendering bin Laden following the 9/11 attacks, and the United States’ ultimatum to hand him over would have been unreasonable: how could a de facto government with only partial control of its own territory be responsible for curtailing the actions of an enclaved sovereign? Consequently, if the prosecution were right that al-Qaeda was the equivalent of a state actor, the invasion of Afghanistan could be viewed as a misdirected and illegal aggressive war.

Second, the prosecution’s position necessarily suggests that the armed conflict between al-Qaeda and the United States is an international armed conflict—as opposed to a non-international armed conflict—invoking the full panoply of the laws of war.  This position also means that al-Qaeda members were the regular armed forces of a state, meaning that members of al-Qaeda could make a colorable claim to combatant immunity and prisoner-of-war (POW) status. At the very least, all of those currently detained and accused of prior membership in al-Qaeda should have been treated as POWs until they received an Article 5 hearing. (Ammar al Baluchi, for example, has requested, but never received, an Article 5 hearing.) The prosecution’s position in the 9/11 case legitimizes attacks by members of al-Qaeda on U.S. soldiers and military infrastructure, narrowing the scope of criminality associated with al-Qaeda attacks.  For example, according to the prosecution’s view, the attack on the U.S.S. Cole would remain perfidious but the sailors killed and the vessel targeted would be lawful military targets—and the charge of terrorism would be a mere restatement of the object of war: violence intended to coerce a political result.

Third, if the prosecution position prevailed, al-Qaeda would have enjoyed belligerent rights and the benefit of the laws of neutrality. Neutrality of non-belligerents is automatically triggered by the existence of a state of war between belligerents. Neutrals must remain neutral—that is they must not assist one belligerent party against the other. But belligerents must also refrain from conducting hostilities on the territory of neutral states, a fundamental protection for neutrals and against the spread of war. For example, the application of neutrality as a result of the prosecution’s position would mean that the U.S. violated Sudan’s neutrality along with its sovereignty by bombing the al-Shifa pharmaceutical facility in Khartoum in 1998.

Moreover, and outside of the immediate concerns relating to al-Qaeda, the government’s position suggests that declarations of war by non-state actors are a fast-track to sovereignty. The consequences of this implication may be far reaching. There are numerous entities that have substantially stronger claims to statehood than did al-Qaeda in 1996, but that remain outsiders in the international system. Would entities like Somaliland, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Abkhazia, and others finally gain admittance to the international system by declaring war on a neighbor or a far-off foe unlikely to take notice?

Finally, the government’s position leaves unsettled how to differentiate non-state declarations of war that have legal effect from those that do not. The U.S. has been the target of numerous supposed declarations of war by violent non-state actors to which it accorded no legal effect. For example, the United States treated neither the Symbionese National Liberation Army nor the Weathermen as enemy belligerents. Similarly, why give bin Laden’s August 1996 fatwa the legal weight of a declaration of war but not al Qaeda’s earlier 1992 fatwa that likewise called for attacks on U.S. forces in Saudi Arabia?

The only conclusion that can be drawn from the prosecution’s astounding position that bin Laden’s fatwa actually caused a legal state of war with the U.S. is that the government is willing to contort the law of armed conflict to suit its short-term litigation goals. Unfortunately, its single-minded and short-sighted effort to patch up the broken 9/11 military commission is simply making wreckage of law and history—and proving the old adage that hard cases make bad law.

The opinions and views expressed are those of the author alone. They do not represent the views of the US Department of Defense or the US Government. 

Image: Getty Read on Just Security »

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Contributing Op-Ed Writer: Sutherland Springs Only Happens to Be in Texas 

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There is nothing particularly Lone Star State-ish about a mass killing these days. Ask New York, or Las Vegas.

What Explains U.S. Mass Shootings? International Comparisons Suggest an Answer

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Worldwide, Mr. Lankford found, a country’s rate of gun ownership correlated with the odds it would experience a mass shooting. This relationship held even when he excluded the United States, indicating that it could not be explained by some other factor particular to his home country. And it held when he controlled for homicide rates, suggesting that mass shootings were better explained by a society’s access to guns than by its baseline level of violence.

What Doesn’t: Crime, Race or Mental Health

If mental health made the difference, then data would show that Americans have more mental health problems than do people in other countries with fewer mass shootings. But the mental health care spending rate in the United States, the number of mental health professionals per capita and the rate of severe mental disorders are all in line with those of other wealthy countries.

A 2015 study estimated that only 4 percent of American gun deaths could be attributed to mental health issues. And Mr. Lankford, in an email, said countries with high suicide rates tended to have low rates of mass shootings — the opposite of what you would expect if mental health problems correlated with mass shootings.

Whether a population plays more or fewer video games also appears to have no impact. Americans are no more likely to play video games than people in any other developed country.

Racial diversity or other factors associated with social cohesion also show little correlation with gun deaths. Among European countries, there is little association between immigration or other diversity metrics and the rates of gun murders or mass shootings.

A Violent Country

America’s gun homicide rate was 33 per million people in 2009, far exceeding the average among developed countries. In Canada and Britain, it was 5 per million and 0.7 per million, respectively, which also corresponds with differences in gun ownership.

Americans sometimes see this as an expression of deeper problems with crime, a notion ingrained, in part, by a series of films portraying urban gang violence in the early 1990s. But the United States is not actually more prone to crime than other developed countries, according to a landmark 1999 study by Franklin E. Zimring and Gordon Hawkins of the University of California, Berkeley.

Rather, they found, in data that has since been repeatedly confirmed, that American crime is simply more lethal. A New Yorker is just as likely to be robbed as a Londoner, for instance, but the New Yorker is 54 times more likely to be killed in the process.

They concluded that the discrepancy, like so many other anomalies of American violence, came down to guns.

More gun ownership corresponds with more gun murders across virtually every axis: among developed countries, among American states, among American towns and cities and when controlling for crime rates. And gun control legislation tends to reduce gun murders, according to a recent analysis of 130 studies from 10 countries.

This suggests that the guns themselves cause the violence.

Mass Shootings Happen Everywhere

Skeptics of gun control sometimes point to a 2016 study. From 2000 and 2014, it found, the United States death rate by mass shooting was 1.5 per one million people. The rate was 1.7 in Switzerland and 3.4 in Finland, suggesting American mass shootings were not actually so common.

But the same study found that the United States had 133 mass shootings. Finland had only two, which killed 18 people, and Switzerland had one, which killed 14. In short, isolated incidents. So while mass shootings can happen anywhere, they are only a matter of routine in the United States.

As with any crime, the underlying risk is impossible to fully erase. Any individual can snap or become entranced by a violent ideology. What is different is the likelihood that this will lead to mass murder.

In China, about a dozen seemingly random attacks on schoolchildren killed 25 people between 2010 and 2012. Most used knives; none used a gun.

By contrast, in this same window, the United States experienced five of its deadliest mass shootings, which killed 78 people. Scaled by population, the American attacks were 12 times as deadly.

Beyond the Statistics

In 2013, American gun-related deaths included 21,175 suicides, 11,208 homicides and 505 deaths caused by an accidental discharge. That same year in Japan, a country with one-third America’s population, guns were involved in only 13 deaths.

This means an American is about 300 times more likely to die by gun homicide or accident than a Japanese person. America’s gun ownership rate is 150 times as high as Japan’s. That gap between 150 and 300 shows that gun ownership statistics alone do not explain what makes America different.

The United States also has some of the world’s weakest controls over who may buy a gun and what sorts of guns may be owned.

Switzerland has the second-highest gun ownership rate of any developed country, about half that of the United States. Its gun homicide rate in 2004 was 7.7 per million people — unusually high, in keeping with the relationship between gun ownership and murders, but still a fraction of the rate in the United States.

Swiss gun laws are more stringent, setting a higher bar for securing and keeping a license, for selling guns and for the types of guns that can be owned. Such laws reflect more than just tighter restrictions. They imply a different way of thinking about guns, as something that citizens must affirmatively earn the right to own.

The Difference Is Culture

The United States is one of only three countries, along with Mexico and Guatemala, that begin with the opposite assumption: that people have an inherent right to own guns.

The main reason American regulation of gun ownership is so weak may be the fact that the trade-offs are simply given a different weight in the United States than they are anywhere else.

After Britain had a mass shooting in 1987, the country instituted strict gun control laws. So did Australia after a 1996 incident. But the United States has repeatedly faced the same calculus and determined that relatively unregulated gun ownership is worth the cost to society.

That choice, more than any statistic or regulation, is what most sets the United States apart.

“In retrospect Sandy Hook marked the end of the US gun control debate,” Dan Hodges, a British journalist, wrote in a post on Twitter two years ago, referring to the 2012 attack that killed 20 young students at an elementary school in Connecticut. “Once America decided killing children was bearable, it was over.”

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Root causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S. – Google Search

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Story image for Root causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S. from Pacific Standard

The Sad, Lonely Men Behind America’s Mass Shootings

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Trump wrong to blame mass killings on mental illness rather than …
In-DepthSan Francisco Chronicle16 hours ago

Media image for Root causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S. from The Root

The Root

Media image for Root causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S. from San Francisco Chronicle

San Francisco Chronicle

Media image for Root causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S. from CatholicPhilly.com

CatholicPhilly.com

Media image for Root causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S. from Church Times

Church Times

Media image for Root causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S. from National Review

National Review

Media image for Root causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S. from Malaysian Christian News

Malaysian Christian News

Story image for Root causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S. from New York Times

No, Mr. President, It Is ‘a Guns Situation’

New York TimesNov 6, 2017
In little more than a month, we have had two cases of mass murder … The money could be raised by a modest tax on all guns owned in the United States. … Once more we are told that the root cause is a mentally ill person.

Story image for Root causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S. from The Independent (blog)

It’s not Muslims, Mexicans or immigrants making the US unsafe – it’s …

The Independent (blog)Nov 6, 2017
Not only are most adult mass shooters in the US men, but most school shooters are boys too. … But it’s also not the root of the cause. … So what makes some people commit mass shootings – what is the common factor that …

Story image for Root causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S. from Mic

Domestic violence is a link among most mass shooters — but …

MicNov 6, 2017
Many recent mass killings have been committed by men with histories of … Acts of domestic violence are at the root of a majority of mass shootings: Everytown … The shooter in the attack had a history of domestic violence. …. really addressing what the root causes are, whether that be studies, whether that …

Thoughts About Mass Murder

Power Line (blog)17 hours ago
Moreover, the root cause of murder isn’t firearms or cars. It is evil. Countries where there are vastly fewer firearms than in the U.S. still have …

Story image for Root causes of Mass Shootings in the U.S. from FiveThirtyEight

Why High-Profile Events Like Mass Shootings Often Don’t Lead To …

FiveThirtyEightOct 18, 2017
But in the U.S., gun control policy has often appeared impossible to pass at the … This idea describes the debate after mass shootings pretty well; … health problems or declining public morals, as the root cause of the problem.
Solving Our Gun Violence Problem at the Polls
<a href=”http://TAPinto.net” rel=”nofollow”>TAPinto.net</a>Oct 18, 2017

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Mass Shootings in the U.S. – Google Search

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What Explains US Mass Shootings? International Comparisons …

New York Times7 hours ago
From 1966 to 2012, 31 percent of the gunmen in mass shootings worldwide were American, according to a 2015 study by Adam Lankford, …
Columbine massacre no longer among 10 deadliest mass shootings …
<a href=”http://Chron.com” rel=”nofollow”>Chron.com</a>18 hours ago
Mass Shootings in America Are Spreading Like a Disease
In-DepthThe AtlanticNov 6, 2017

George Papadopoulos – Google Search

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Week after bombshell, George Papadopoulos largely remains a …

Chicago Tribune8 hours ago
This image posted on his Linkedin profile shows George Papadopoulos posing on a street of London. A week after the Trump campaign …
The ambitious George Papadopoulos
KathimeriniNov 6, 2017
The sad, strange tale of George Papadopoulos
Washington PostNov 1, 2017
Trump’s week: Russia probe, Civil War history lesson, and more
Blog<a href=”http://Aljazeera.com” rel=”nofollow”>Aljazeera.com</a> (blog)Nov 4, 2017

Joan Sutherland – Google Search

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Story image for Joan Sutherland from The Guardian

Prima Donna from Point Piper: Joan Sutherland interview – archive …

The GuardianOct 9, 2017
Dame Joan Sutherland during rehearsals for a production of Bellini’s I Puritani, conducted by her husband Richard Bonynge, March 1964.

Story image for Joan Sutherland from OperaWire

Royal Opera House 2017-18 Preview: How Joan Sutherland …

OperaWireOct 26, 2017
When one thinks of “Lucia” at the Royal Opera House, it is impossible to disassociate the opera from one major name – Joan Sutherland.

Story image for Joan Sutherland from Washington City Paper (blog)

The Washington National Opera Tries Valiantly to Make Alcina An …

Washington City Paper (blog)52 minutes ago
If not for a particularly notable Venice run starring Joan Sutherland in the 1960s, it might have mercifully faded into obscurity. To be fair, George …

sutherland opera – Google Search

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Joan Sutherland “Casta diva” from “Norma” – YouTube

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Sutherland Springs Only Happens to Be in Texas

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